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Dennis Potter

Early FOD Police


Gloucestershire's First Chief Constable

Anthony Thomas Lefroy, son of Limerick born Captain Anthony Thomas Lefroy who served as a Captain at Gibraltar and the Cape of Good Hope, was born in the year 1802 and baptised at Warkworth Parish Church, Morpeth, Northumberland, on the 26th April, 1802. 

Lefroy joined the Irish Police in 1823 at the age of 21.  From 1822 Ireland had an organised system of county constabularies and a single police force, the Irish Constabulary, from 1836.By the year 1839 Anthony Lefroy had achieved the position of Chief Constable for County Wicklow. The Constabulary of Ireland was a trained and disciplined force under the central control of the government administration at Dublin Castle.  It represented a fresh start in policing and its members served under a strict code, which governed all aspects of their lives, on and off duty.  Elaborate precautions were taken to ensure that they displayed strict impartiality at all times.  Policemen who lived in barracks, were prohibited from serving in their (or their wives’) native areas, and were unable to vote or to belong to any political or religious groups (the exception being the Society of Freemasons). This constabulary was to become a model for a number of police forces throughout the world.Following the successful establishment of the Metropolitan Police in London, the County Police Act 1839 (also known as The Rural Police Act) was passed. The act enabled Justices of the Peace in England and Wales to establish police forces in their counties. It was not compulsory, and constabularies were only established in 25 out of 55 counties by 1856, when the County and Borough Police Act 1856 made their provision mandatory.

The Act allowed Justices of the Peace of any county, in general or quarter sessions, to appoint constables "for the preservation of the peace and protection of the inhabitants" where they felt the existing system of parish constables was insufficient. At a General Quarter Sessions for the County, held at Gloucester on Monday, 4th of November 1839, a discussion took place regarding the formation of a County Constabulary and the appointment of Chief Constable. It is recorded that Lord Ellenborough said that the Magistrates should apply to Colonel MacGregor at the Inspectorate of Constabulary in Ireland, to see if he had anyone serving under him who would be suitable to be recommended for the post of Chief Constable so that there was no chance of its being supposed that the office of Chief Constable was given by acquaintances, by connection with the County, by private intimacy on the part of the Magistrates or otherwise than by the appointment of the very best man. The Lord Lieutenant concurred but suggested that a letter should go to the Secretary of State requesting him to communicate with the heads of London and Irish Police. At the Adjourned General Quarter Sessions held at Gloucester on the Monday, 18th of November 1839 a minute was approved and recorded agreeing to the establishment and appointment of County and District Constables. 

A Testimonial from the head of Ireland's Inspectorate, Colonel MacGregor, recommended  Anthony Lefroy who was 37 years of age and not a military man. 'That he was an extremely gentlemanly man. An Englishman believed from Cumberland and had served in the Irish Police Force for several years to the entire satisfaction of Colonel MacGregor.' 

On the 18th of November 1839 Anthony Lefroy was appointed Chief Constable of Gloucestershire. A letter dated 9th December 1839 from the Secretary of State, confirmed the appointment.

Now the Gloucestershire Constabulary was recognised and given the Government's blessing. The County force had been founded only six hours after Wiltshire Constabulary, making it the second rural police force to be formed in Britain.On December 1st 1839, less than two weeks after his appointment, he had already brought over from Ireland, and placed on the pay-roll, six new superintendents and twelve constables (a thirteenth, Thomas Watson from Co. Armagh, signed on three weeks later).

Lefroy's original plan was to have the County divided into 20 police districts, each being controlled by a superintendent. That idea was forced to change as a high rate of resignations and dismissals took its toll and by 1841 the figure was 14 and in 1842 down to 11.

Before releasing his new recruits into those mainly rural districts they were issued with a uniform and given a brief period of training by experienced Irish officers. 

The 1839 appointments book shows that 16 of the first 23 constables originated from Ireland, some being brought over by Anthony Lefroy and others sent by Major Browne at Dublin HQ. 

Out of the more senior appointments, at least five of his twenty new District Superintendents, Charles Keiley, Thomas Russell, William McMahon, John Nicholls and Thomas Pilkington were from Ireland and John Dean King was an Englishman from Woolwich in Kent who had served in Ireland and married Deborah Westerman from Leinster in 1839. 

We know little of those five officers or their six colleagues. Their ages and origins are not recorded in the Superintendents Default & Commendations book.

One of the experienced Irish officers, Charles Keiley, must have been exceptional as he was appointed by Lefroy as the County's first Deputy Chief Constable in July 1840 and administrator for the outer Tewkesbury District. Keiley stayed in that post until 1853 when he vanished into thin air after absconding with the wages and expenses for Cheltenham and Tewkesbury.

 

Each new superintendent needed a horse to travel between the stations in his district and was given a £40 yearly allowance for its maintenance.

The new force's first problem was the existing police station at Cheltenham.

In 1831 Cheltenham Town Commissioners had instituted its own police force based on the Metropolitan Police system consisting of an inspector and 25 men with headquarters at what is now John Dower House in Crescent Place, pictured here.

The 1839 Act required town forces to be absorbed into the County policing structure and within a few months the Cheltenham force was disbanded, despite opposition from Town Commissioners and local people.

Because the city of Gloucester already had an independent police force unaffected by the new Act of Parliament, the County Constabulary now had its new headquarters at 1 Crescent Place, Cheltenham. It was here that the administrative machinery of the Force was based, while the 45 men allotted to police Cheltenham went across the road to the Central Police Station. 

The Superintendent there in 1841 was Irish born Thomas Russell and one of his Sergeants was also from Ireland. He was  Sgt William Hanbidge born in 1816 at Dunmore, Co. Wicklow and was later a Superintendent at Chipping Campden and Painswick.

 

Qualifications, necessary for Superintendents and Constables, as laid down by the Secretary of State.
To be under 40 years of age. To stand 5 feet 7 inches, without shoes. To read and write and keep accounts. 
To be free from any bodily complaint; of strong constitution and generally intelligent. 
No person appointed a Superintendent or Constable who shall be a Gamekeeper, Wood Ranger, Bailiff, Sheriff's Bailiff or Parish Clerk or who shall be a hired servant in the employment of any person or who shall keep or have any interest in any house for the sale of beer, wine or spirituous liquors by retail and if any person who should be appointed a Superintendent or Constable, should at any time after such appointment became a Gamekeeper, Wood Ranger, Bailiff, Sheriff's Bailiff or Parish Clerk or shall act in any capacity or shall sell or have any interest in the sale of any beer, wine or spirituous liquor, such person shall thereupon become and be incapable of acting as such Superintendent or Constable and shall forfeit his appointment of Superintendent or Constable and also all salary payable to him as Superintendent or Constable. 

 

The uniform items issued for the first year were :

One Greatcoat Cape with Badge

Coat with badge

Two pairs of trousers

One pair of shoes

One Hat

Rates of pay were laid down as follows:-

Chief Constables not less than £250 or more than £500 per year

Superintendents not less than £75 or more than £150 per year

Constables not less than 15 shillings or more than £1.1.0d. a week

All gossiping, and especially talking to women, was discouraged and although there was no official meal break, officers were invited to use their top hat to carry a snack around.

The Chief Constable introduced the patrol ticket system where an officer left a ticket with trusted farmers and land-owners on his beat who would sign and date it. This ensured that the constable had patrolled where instructed and that prominent members of the community were aware of it.

 

Accoutrements to be supplied

A constables staff is to be supplied to each constable and a small Cutlass may be supplied to any constable who is so situated that, in the opinion of two Justices of the Peace of the County, it is necessary for his personal protection in the performance of his duty. The Cutlass to be worn at night only or at times when rioting or serious public disturbance has actually taken place, or upon orders by the Chief Constable who shall, on each occasion of giving such order, report the same and the reason for such order, to any two Justices of the Peace for the County, as soon afterwards as is practicable, who shall immediately transmit the said report to the Secretary of State.



On the 7th of November 1840 the Home Office approved the appointment of the force's first sergeants.

That 38 Sergeants be appointed at £1-2-0 per week each and the Constables who shall in future join the force shall only receive 16s a week subject to future promotion.

That the sergeant shall (with the consent of the committing Magistrate) hire a cart or other cheap conveyance for the removal of prisoners, the Bill for which to be sent to Constabulary Office with the Magistrate's Certificate attached stating that the expense was necessarily incurred, when it will be included in the Constabulary Accounts.

That the following stations be annexed to each Superintendent with the respective Salaries - the alterations if any to take as Vacancies occur.

2 Superintendents £120 & £100 Cheltenham - Birdlip & Frogmill

1 " £100 Campden - Moreton & Quinton

1 " £100 Cirencester - Fairford & Bibury

1 " £120 Dursley - Wotton & Berkeley

1 " £120 Hanham - Hambrook & Westbury

1 " £100 Sodbury - Thornbury & Marshfield

1 " £120 Newnham - Mitcheldean, Coleford, Lydney & Hewelsfield

1 " £100 Stow - North Leach & Great Barrington

1 " £100 Gloucester - Whitminster, Newent & Ashleworth

1 " £100 Winchcombe - Tewkesbury & Taddington

1 " £100 Tetbury - Minchinhampton & Nailsworth

1 " £100 Stroud

That the Salary of every Superintendent of any District constituted as in the said list be greater by £40 than the sum respectively set down and to cover the expence of finding and keeping a Horse and all travelling expense within the County but not his own maintenance while travelling.

 

   County of Gloucestershire Constabulary

Return showing increases and decreases in manpower from its formation in December 1839 to October 1880

 

 

 

Chief

 

Supts

 

Inspectors

 

Sergeants

 

Constables

 

Total

 

Increase

 

Remarks

 

1st December 1839

1

19

0

0

230

250

0

Commencement

1st December 1840

1

19

0

40

190

250

0

1st April 1841

1

14

0

40

195

250

0

1st June 1842

1

11

0

55

183

250

0

1st July 1854

1

11

0

55

187

254

4

Borough of Tewkesbury amalgamated

1st September 1859

1

11

0

46

216

274

20

City of Gloucester amalgamated

1st October 1861

1

11

0

43

219

274

0

1st November 1862

1

11

0

44

218

274

0

1st October 1863

1

11

0

44

232

288

14

1st August 1866

1

11

3

41

232

288

0

1st March 1867

1

10

3

41

233

288

0

1st July 1867

1

10

3

42

232

288

0

1st October 1872

1

10

3

42

234

290

2

1st March 1875

1

10

3

43

245

302

12

1st January 1877

1

10

3

43

247

304

2

1st July 1880

1

10

3

44

252

310

6

1st October 1880

1

10

3

44

254

312

2

 

The original plan for 20 police divisions was soon changed to 19 and by 1842 was reduced to 12 as vacancies, resignations, dismissals, and modifications in the light of early experiences, occurred.

 

 

 

 

 

From Rules for the guidance of the Rural Constabulary of Gloucestershire issued by the Chief Constable on 22nd of February 1840.  

There will be a Daily Parade at nine o'clock in Summer and ten o'clock in Winter when the Superintendent or Constable in charge will strictly inspect the men of the party and see that they are clean and properly shaved and that they never appear out in any other state.

 

The men are not to be permitted to work at trades nor to engage in private pursuits; their time belongs to the public and is to be devoted to its service

 

The Sheets are to be changed on the first Monday in every Month; the soiled ones  be washed under the directions of the Constable in charge, on the cheapest terms, and the cost paid by the men.

 

No pigs, dogs or birds are to be kept at any of the Station  Houses.

 

The Diary Books at each Station to be regularly and neatly kept, and filled up at night , and produced when called for.

 

The Shirt Collars of the men are never to be seen above their Stocks.

 

The Superintendent, Sergeant or Constable in charge of Stations will be most particular in calling the Roll and seeing that the men are in their Barracks every night, Eight o'clock in Winter and Nine o'clock in Summer, which they are not to quit without permission, unless on duty.

 

 

 

 

From  Instructions for the Constabulary of the County of Gloucestershire  issued by the Chief Constable 1st of February 1840.

Each man shall devote his whole time to the Constabulary Force.

 

He shall serve and reside wherever he is appointed.

 

Each man is conspicuously marked with the number corresponding with his name in the books so that he can at all times be known to the public.

 

A certain number when so ordered by their officer must sleep in their clothes to be in complete readiness when called on.

 

He shall allow a deduction of one shilling per week to be made from his pay when lodgings are found him.

 

He shall promptly obey all lawful orders which he may receive from the persons placed in authority over him.

 

Each Constable is liable to instant dismissal for unfitness, negligence, or misconduct, independently of any other punishment to which by law be subject. The Chief Constable may also, if he think fit, dismiss him without assigning any reason.

 

He shall not upon any occasion, or under any pretence whatever take money from any person, also he shall not eat nor drink at the expense or on the invitation of any person, whilst on duty, without the express permission of his superior officer.

 

 

 

The 1839 appointments book shows that at least 16 of the first 23 recruits originated from Ireland. To be added are the Superintendents, who were not included in that record, a high proportion of whom were from Ireland.

 

Edward Birch bn 1806 Castle McAdam, Co. Wicklow. Sponsor A Lefroy. Sgt 1840. Mangotsfield 1851. Pension 1851. Died 1872
William Hanbidge bn 1816. Co. Wicklow.  Sponsor A Lefroy. Sgt Cheltenham 1841, Supt at Cheltenham 1847. Pension Supt 1877 after 38 years.
Thomas Hollyman bn 1806 Fennagh, Co. Carlow  Sponsor A.Lefroy Sgt 1840, Constable 1853.  'Died
Thomas Lee bn 1811 Kilbride, Co. Offaly. Sponsor Major Browne Sgt 1840. Winterbourne 1841. Reduced to Constable 1843. Resigned.
John Lee bn 1813 Clonegal, Co. Carlow. Sponsor A Lefroy. Dismissed 1843 for telling falsehoods to girl he made pregnant.
Andrew McIntyre bn 1809 Antrim. Sponsor Major Browne Assessment - 'Not sufficiently steady or correct to say Good.  Resigned.
Richard Nicholson bn 1812  Kilbride, Co. Wicklow. Sponsor A Lefroy Sgt 1840, Reduced to Constable 2nd Class 1841. Resigned
John O'Brien bn 1815 Co. Cork. Sponsor Major Browne Constable 1840. Dismissed for living under the influence of alcohol
Robert Porter bn 1807 Baileborough, Co. Cavan. Sponsor Major Browne. Sgt 1840 Wotton-Under-Edge 1841/1851. 23 years service.
Paul Sparks bn 1817 Roscommon. Sponsor Major Browne. Dismissed for drunkenness.
James Stephenson bn 1815 Dublin. Sponsor Major Browne Constable. Dismissed for striking and knocking down Constable Charwood.
John Sheckleton bn 1817 Annagh, Co. Cavan. Sponsor Major Browne. Sgt 1840, Const 1842, Sgt 1842, Sgt 1851.
Joseph Cockings bn 1805 Bedfordshire, UK Sgt at Frampton in 1841, Mitcheldean 1851
John Dorey bn 1804. Stroud, Gloucestershire Constable 1840. Dismissed for making use of insolent language to Chief Constable.
James Newman bn 1813 Stow, Gloucestershire. Constable 1840. Resigned.
John Osborne bn 1813 Dintesborough, Cirencester, Glos. Constable 1840.
Peter Budds bn 1814  Kilkenny.  Sponsor Major Browne. Constable.   Resigned
John Sheills bn 1819 Charlestown, Co Louth. Sponsor Major Browne. Sgt 1841/42 Hewelsfield.  Resigned.
Thomas Watson bn 1804 Co. Armagh. Sponsor Major Browne. Sgt at Fairford 1840-1841. Constable 1843  Resigned 1843?
Charles Bennett bn 1793. Nth Wingfield, Derbyshire. Sponsor Lord Reddesdale. Constable 1840. Dismissed for fighting with Constable Natheson? in street.
Daniel Bolton bn 1802 Cirencester. Recommended by local magistrate. Constable 1840. discharged through ill health.
William Dash bn 1820 Aldingborough, Sussex Constable  Wotton-Under-Edge 1841, Cheltenham 1851, Cirenc. 1861. Grocer 1871
John Morrow bn 1804 St Michaels, Dublin. Recommended by a Glos. Gent. Constable 1840. Dismissed for absenting himself without leave.
William Noonan bn 1807 St. Johns Limerick. Rec. by John Ellis Esq. Berkeley Constable 1840,Sgt 1842, Constable 1843. Resigned.
John Rafferty bn 1811 Castlerea, Roscommon. Rec. by Henry Burnett, Cheltenham Constable 1840. Dismissed after it was ascertained he was sacked from Bristol police
John Hacket bn 1809 Pitterdon?, Kilkenny. Recommended by Rev. Smithson Sergeant 1841 and 1842
James Lipsett bn 1820 Arklow, Co Wicklow. Rec. by Samuel Hore Esq. Arklow Sgt 1840. Sgt 1845. Resigned
William Bailey bn 1807 Cork. Recommended by a Gloucester JP. Constable 1840. Dismissed for fighting with Constable Ford.

 

At least eleven of Lefroy's Irish recruits came from the recently formed Dublin Metropolitan Police and were recommended by Major Browne. An un-armed unit, it had replaced the old Dublin Police Force (1786-1836). 

The information in the table below was kindly passed by Jim Herlihy via Jeff Lowndes. Jeff is researching his Gloucestershire Constabulary ancestor, another Irishman, Superintendent Thomas Russell, who served at Cheltenham in the early 1840s. 

Dublin Sergeants Charles Keilley and Thomas Pilkington, who joined the Gloucestershire Constabulary as Superintendents and were involved in its early administration, both appear to have joined the DMP as sergeants and gave their previous occupation as clerks.

James Budds only remained in Gloucestershire till August 1841 and then resigned. Thomas Lee was made a sergeant in 1840 but resigned in 1843 after being reduced to constable. Andrew McIntyre was made a constable but resigned after a few months. He rejoined the DMP in October 1840. John O'Brien was also only with the Gloster force a few months and was dismissed for "living under the influence of liquor". 

Robert Porter was made a sergeant in 1840 and remained to collect his pension in 1864. John Sheckleton was also made a sergeant in 1840 and remained with the force until his resignation in the 1850s. John Sheils (Sheills) was made a sergeant in 1841 but resigned in July 1842 to become a game-keeper in the Forest of Dean. 

Paul Sparks was made a constable but was dismissed for drunkenness in October 1842. He rejoined the DMP in June 1843.

James Stephenson, also a constable, was dismissed for "striking and knocking down Constable Charlwood".

Thomas Pilkington, who had already served 13 years with the Irish Constabulary before joining the DMP, was a superintendent with the Gloucestershire force until his death in 1846.

 

Charles Keilley (Keily) joined as a superintendent and was promoted to Deputy Chief Constable in 1840.

In 1852 it was announced that he had been short-listed for the position of Chief Constable of Staffordshire.

His career ended in disgrace in June 1853 when the 38 year old absconded with £485, the month's wages and expenses for the Cheltenham and Tewkesbury forces, leaving his wife and eight children unprovided for. In July 1853 Chief Constable Lefroy announced a reward of £100 for the apprehension of the Irishman, or £10 for information of his whereabouts. Apparently he was never found.

Edward Wilkinson, a former coach driver, replaced Charles Keilly as Deputy Chief Constable. In July 1855 he was forced to resign after an embarrassing court case when a policeman named Alexander Gordon, who lived at Cheltenham police station, successfully sued him for damages for taking improper liberties with Mrs Gordon on three occasions. The jury had returned a verdict in favour of Mr Gordon and awarded him 40 shillings damages.

 John Nicholls, Superintendent of the Dursley district, an officer since December 1839, became the third Deputy Chief Constable on September 1st 1855. He was in that position in 1865 when Lefroy retired after 25 years service and was replaced as Chief Constable by Captain Henry Christianson. John Nicholls  remained as his DCC until 8 March 1867, when he died at the Cheltenham Police Station aged 57. He left a widow and six children, the eldest only thirteen years old.

John Nicholls was succeeded by Tetbury born Superintendent Charles Griffin.

 

The Dublin information came from author Jim Herlihy. He is considered an expert on the military and constabulary history of Ireland and has published several books including:

The Dublin Metropolitan Police. A Complete List of Officers and Men, 1836-1925. The Dublin Metropolitan Police: A Short History and Genealogical Guide.The Royal Irish Constabulary: A Complete Alphabetical List of Officers and Men, 1816-1922. Royal Irish Constabulary Officers, A Biographical and Genealogical Guide, 1816-1922.

 

 

Name

DMP no.

Age

Trade

Home Parish

Joined

History with Dublin Force

Peter Budds  

712

23

None

St. Canice's,  Kilkenny

1/12/1837

 Constable 1st Class 18/1/1837. Previously 7 years Constabulary. Resigned 29/1/1839

Charles Keilley  

952

25

Clerk

Dublin

9/2/1838

 Joined as Sgt. Resigned 11/12/1839

Thomas Lee

321

28

Labourer

Kilbride, Kings Co.

1/12/1837

 Sgt 12/4/1839. Previously Turnkey at  Kings County Gaol. Resigned 5/12/1839

Andrew McIntyre 

291

28

Shoemaker

Antrim

1/12/1837

 Sgt 16/2/1838. Previously 2 years in militia. Resigned 1839. Rejoined DMP Oct 1840-Feb 1843

John O'Brien

948

23

None

Innishannon, Cork

5/1/1838

 Constable 2nd Class. Previously with Old Dublin Force 5 months. Resigned 5/12/1839

Thomas Pilkington

173

32

Clerk

Killenuny, Galway

1/12/1837

 Sgt 1/1/1837. Had 13 years previous service with constabulary. Resigned 11/12/1839

Robert Porter

1440

30

Labourer

Loughgilly, Armagh

12/10/1838

 Constable 2nd Class. Had 11 years previous service with constabulary. Resigned 5/12/1839

John Sheckleton

1387

23

Labourer

Ardagh, Meath

31/8/1838

 Constable 2nd Class. Joined Glos. Police 1/12/1839.

John Sheils

192

20

Labourer

Charlestown, Louth

15/12/37

 Constable 1st Class. Resigned 11/12/1839

Paul Sparks

2782

20

Labourer

Elphin, Roscommon

29/10/1838

 Constable 2nd Class. Resigned 5/12/1839. Rejoined DMP 23/6/1843. Resigned DMP 22/5/1844

James Stephenson 

790

23

None

Balbriggan, Dublin

1/1/1838

 Joined as Sgt. Previously with Old Dublin Force 5 years. Resigned 5/12/1839

 

           

 

 

A 19th Century bull's- eye lantern in the Tetbury Police Museum is

believed to have belonged to PC John Tawney (born 1841) who served at Chipping Campden in the 1860s. The display notice indicates that it was recovered in 1887 after an accident in which the constable had suffered a broken leg and was treated by Bristol's Doctor W.C Grace the famous cricketer.
PC Tawney was stationed at Oldland, Keynsham in the 1880s.  
For the Victorian policeman this oil lantern was a very vital piece of equipment. Including carrying handles modified to fit on a belt, and a ground-glass lens, it not only served as a light source, with the amount of light varied by simply turning its chimney, but was a personal heater in the winter and a stove for his "cuppa".

)

It could also be used as a defensive weapon and signaling device. One manufacturer was Hiatt & Co. (Birmingham) who also produced the figure of eight handcuffs, at that time in common use, displayed below.

A truncheon display at Tetbury Police Museum

 

 

Early Police Superintendents at Gloucestershire       

Richard Bennett

born Tavistock, Devon 1819

Joined 12 May 1842, Sgt 1st May 1843, Supt 1st Jan 1845, Resigned 14th June 1847

William Bennett

born Hertfordshire 1812

Joined March 2nd 1840. Constable 1840, Sgt at Marshfield Feb. 1841, Supt 1st October 1843, Supt at Cirencester in 1852. Dismissed for gross neglect of duty

Thomas Box

 

born Shipton Moyne, Glos. 1818

 

Joined 10th of February 1840. Constable at Cheltenham 1841. Chipping Campden 1844. Promoted to Sgt 1846. Supt at Mangotsfield 1851 & 1861. Died Staple Hill 1866.

 

James Bick

born Aston, Herefordshire 1818

Joined 1st of December 1840. Promoted Sgt Dec 1846, Supt April 1853. Gloucester to Stow 1855. To Dursley July 1857. Dismissed for falsehoods to Chief Constable and irregularities with Sgt Watts pay at Wotton Under Edge.  Constable at Sollars Shipton 1841, Sgt at Berkeley 1851, Children born Withington 1849-51.

Hugh Brown

born Horsley, Glos 1822

Joined April 1845. Sgt 1848. Inspector Aug 1866, Supt 1868. Died Dursley July 1869.

Served at Charlton Kings, and Newnham.

Edwin H V Chappell

no information

Joined 17th of February 1840. Resigned 6th November 1840

Erasmus Charlton

born Chatham, Kent 1800

Joined 1st January 1840. Ex- Metropolitan police sergeant. Resigned February 1841 to take up position of Governor at Gloucestershire's Horsfield House of Correction. There till 1848. Shoreditch coffee shop owner 1851.

Edward Chipp

born St Swithin, Worcs

Joined March 1858, Sgt 1865, Inspector April 1868, 3rd class Supt Nov 1869,2nd class Supt Aug 1871, Deputy Chief Constable July 1877. Served at Gloucester 1861, Cirencester 1871, Coleford 1874.

Charles Coleman

born Kingstanley, Glos 1817

Joined November 1840, Sgt August 1842, Superintendent August 1855. Pensioned 1879. 

William Ellison

born Minety, Wilts  1818

Joined 24th Jan. 1844. Sgt April 1856, Supt May 1866. Pensioned July 1879. Pension forfeited after imprisonment for forgery in Feb 1879.

William Seale Evans

born Tewkesbury 1808

Joined 17th February 1840. Superintendent at Campden 1841. Discharged on 1st of October 1843 for running up debts at Campden that he was unable to repay.  Mariner on 1851 census lodging at Lambeth, London.

Thomas Thompson Gordon

born 1800 Painswick, Glos

 

 Farmer.  Joined as constable 1st January 1840. Supt May 1840. Supt at Chipping Sodbury 1841, 1851 and 1861. Superannuated July 1862

Charles Griffin

born 1820 Tetbury, Glos. 

Constable at Avening, Stroud 1841, Supt August 1844, at Coleford in 1851, Supt at Bearwood Station, Gloucester 1861. Deputy Chief Constable 1867-1877. Pension 1877.

William Hanbidge

born 1816 Dunmore, Co. Wicklow

 

Joined 1st December 1839. Sgt 15th November 1840, Supt March 1844, 1st class Supt 1859. Sgt at Cheltenham 1841. Supt 1844. Campden 1851. Stroud 1859 - Supt at Painswick 1861. Pension 1877.

 

Peter Hay

born Inveravon, Banffshire, Scotland

Joined as constable 18th November 1841. Promoted Sergeant August 1844, Promoted Superintendent Dec 1845 Stroud. Promoted to Deputy Chief Constable August 1855. Resigned 1st of September 1855.

Thomas Hewson

born Tetbury, Glos 1834

Joined Oct 1857. Sgt Feb 1864. Supt 1869. Pension Nov 1880. Stroud 1860. Dursley 1871.

Andrew J Hillcout

born 1801c   married to Louisa 

Joined 1st of January 1840. Supt at Barton Regis 1841. Ordered to resign on 1st May 1847 having discovered that he had made false entries in the diaries in his District.

Alexander  Hornsby

born Turkdean 1796

Supt at Cirencester 1840. Joined 17th of February 1840. Ordered to resign after telling falsehood to CC about letter he lost on the Gloucester Road

Joseph Jerrard

born 1806. Possibly Irish. 

Wife Charlotte (Irish).

Joined 15th of March 1840. Supt at Dursley 1841. Ordered to resign on 1st of July 1844 for making a false report to the Chief Constable respecting a case of sheep stealing at Gloucester.

William H Jones

possibly Irish

Joined 1st of December 1839 with the contingent from Ireland. Dismissed on 9th of March 1841 for creating a disturbance at Winchcombe, also for leaving his wife and family chargeable on the parish.

Charles Keilley

born Dublin Ireland c1812

 

Sgt in Dublin Metropolitan Police. Joined 1st December 1839. Officially resigned DMP 11/12/1839. Superintendent Glos. 12th of December 1839, First Deputy Chief Constable July 1840. Absconded with Tewkesbury and Cheltenham Divisions' wages 1853.

 

Thomas Dean King

born 1810 Woolwich, Kent. 

Wife Deborah (Irish)

Joined 1st of December 1839. Supt Stroud 1841. Resigned 1st of December 1846. One child Mary Ann (1839) born Ireland. Second child Deborah (1841) born Gloucestershire. Clerk at Mickleton Tunnel Works 1851. 2 children born at Mickleton. 2 at Stroud.

William Henry Lander

born Birmingham 1816

Joined 17th February 1840. Supt at Newnham, Forest of Dean 1840-1849. Allowed to resign 9th of March 1849 with pay till April 1st. (see Forest of Dean)

Henry Makepeace

born St Pauls, Bristol 1805

Joined 17th February 1840. Constable 1840. Promoted to Supt 1st July 1840. Supt Stow in 1841, Supt Campden 1861,   Postmaster at Campden 1871. Pension April 1868.

Thomas Martin

born Gloucester 1818

Joined as constable 22nd January 1840. Cirencester 1841. Promoted Sgt June 1843, Supt May 1847,resigned through ill-health July 1850.  Prison Officer at County gaol 1851.

William McMahon

born 1816 Ireland

Joined 1st December 1839. Supt at Gubshill Station, Tewkesbury 1841. Resigned 1st June 1842

William Monk

born 1824 Sherbourn, Glos.

Joined 16th June 1848. Constable 1850, Sgt 1854, Supt Sept. 1860. Reduced to Sgt 1873 for being found lying in the street at Chipping Campden drunk. Pension 1885.

John Nicholls

born 1810 Ireland

Joined 1st of December 1839. Supt at Frampton Upon Severn in 1841. Removed from Dursley 1st September 1853 to be Deputy Chief Constable at Cheltenham. Died Cheltenham March 1867.

James Otway

Irish?

Joined 1st January 1840. Reduced to constable 27th January 1840 for allowing a prisoner to escape at Stow. Resigned 27th of January.

Thomas Pilkington

born 1811 Killenuny, Galway

Sgt with Dublin Metropolitan Police. Resigned DMP 11/12/1839. Joined Glos. Constabulary 1st December 1839. Supt at Cirencester 1841.  Died 13th March 1844.

David Rawle

born Challacombe, Devon 1822

Joined 2nd September 1850. Constable 1852, Sgt 1855, Supt 1862. Superannuated 1881. Served at Stroud, Thornbury, Chipping Sodbury and Fishponds. Retired to Wickham House, Fishponds.

Edwin Riddiford

born 1804  Alderly, Glos

Joined 4th May 1840. Promoted Sgt Aug. 1842, Supt, July 1850. Pension Nov. 1869. Thornbury 1841, Supt Gloucester 1851, Cirencester 1861, Pensioned 1869 living at Barton St Michael, Glos.

Son Aaron (1827)  a PC 1844-46

Edwin Russell

born Pockington, Thornbury, Glos 1823

Joined Sept 1845. Resigned May 1847. Rejoined Aug 1847. Sgt Nov 1852. Supt July 1869. Reduced to Sgt and moved to Stroud Aug  1869 for being drunk at a Dursley inquest.

Thomas Russell 

 

born 1814 Ireland. 

 

Joined as Superintendent 1st of December 1839. Supt at Cheltenham in 1841. Discharged 1st of January 1845 for quarrelling and being unrepentive with the Deputy Chief Constable Mr Charles Keiley

John Ryder

born 1814 Birmingham

Supt at Tewkesbury in 1851 Joined April 1841. Sgt 1847, 2nd Class Supt 1850, 1st Class Supt March 1850. Reduced to 2nd Class 1859. Pension October 1872.

George Seys

born 1821 Newnham, Glos.

 

Const. Cheltenham 1841, Supt. Chelt. 1851, Stroud 1855, Supt at Northleach in 1861

 

William Taylor

 

born 1818. Sulgrave, Northants.

 

Joined April 1844, Sgt July 1850, 2nd class Supt Sept 1855, 1st class Supt 1859 and sent to Coleford, Forest of Dean. Resignation accepted after scandal where he was accused of seducing Mr Smith's daughter.

John Townsend

born 1821 Ireland

 Superintendent at Tetbury in 1841. Died 16th June 1842.

James White

 

born 1822 Slimbridge, Glos

 

Joined April 1841, Sgt Aug 1845, 1st class Supt Aug 1864 to Forest District. Sgt at Mangotsfield 1861, Supt at Coleford in 1871. Dismissed Aug 1871 for neglect of duty and false reports to Chief Constable.

William Wood

 

born Wooton-under-Edge 1824

 

Joined April 1844. Sgt Nov 1848, Inspector Aug 1866, 3rd class Supt Aug 1871.  Pension Nov 1886.

 

 





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